Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus)
Scientific classification:
Kingdom : Animalia
Phylum : Chordata
Class : Mammalia
Order : Artiodactyla
Family : Bovidae
Subfamily : Bovinae
Genus : Boselaphus
Species : tragocamelus
Coat color         Slaty blue, females are lighter in color
Shoulder height 130 to 140 cms.
Body length: 250 to 300 cms
Weight: 250 - 275 kg.
Life span 20 - 30 yrs
Adulthood 4 yrs (male); 2 to 3 yrs (female)
Gestation period 8 - 9 months.
Litter size 1
Diurnal and live in grasslands and woodlands.


They are found in the north Indian plains from the base of the Himalayas in the north, Karnataka, Gir forest, entire eastern length of Pakistan and across the border of Rajasthan in the West to the states of Assam and West Bengal in the East.


(a) Grasses
(b) Green leaves
(c) Buds of flowers and fruits.
(a) Mash - 2.00 kg. per head
(b) Kutti - 6.00 kg. per head
(c) Tree fodder - 0.50 kg. per head