Asiatic Elephant (Elephas maximus)
Scientific classification:
Kingdom : Animalia
Phylum : Chordata
Class : Mammalia
Order : Proboscidea
Family : Elephantidae
Genus : Elephas
Species : maximus
Scientific name : Elephas maximus
Important Facts
 Height 2- 4 meters
Weight 3,000–5,000 kg.
Life Span 60 years in the wild and 80 in captivity
Sexual maturity Male – 14 years, Female - 14 years
Gestation period 18–22 months
Litter size 1
It inhabits in scrub forests.
Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Indochina and parts of Indonesia.
Barks, stems, roots, leaves of trees and shrubs
(per head)
Green fodder – 200kg.
Tree fodder – 60 kg.
Dry fodder – 15. kg.
Banana – 12 no.
Gur – 1 kg.
Moong – 1 kg.
Rice – 2 kg.
Bajra – 1. kg.
Haldi – 100 gm.
Salt – 100 gm.
Mustard oil – 500 gm.