African Elephant (Elephas maximus)
Scientific classification:
Kingdom : Animalia
Phylum : Chordata
Class : Mammalia
Order : Proboscidea
Family : Elephantidae
Genus : Loxodonta
Species : africana
Scientific name : Loxodonta africana
Important Facts
Height Male - 6 to 7.5 meters, Female - 5.4 - 6.9 meters
Weight Male - 5455 kg, Female - 3636to 4545 kg.
Life Span 70 years
Sexual maturity Male - 10 to 11 years, Female -  10 to 20 years
Gestation period 22 – 24 months
Litter size 1
Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, flooded grasslands and savannas.
Africa
Barks, fruits, grass and leaves.
(per head)
Green fodder – 200kg.
Tree fodder – 60 kg.
Dry fodder – 15. kg.
Banana – 12 no.
Gur – 1 kg.
Moong – 1 kg.
Rice – 2 kg.
Bajra – 1. kg.
Haldi – 100 gm.
Salt – 100 gm.
Mustard oil – 500 gm.