Conservation Breeding Programms

India is one of the mega biodiversity countries in the world. India represents the following species of plant and animal life in its natural habitat.

1. Mammal 350
2. Birds 1224
3. Reptiles 408
4. Amphibian 197
5. Fishes 2546
6. Insects 57548
7. Plants 46286

The above flora and fauna forms 8 % of the world’s diversity of live forms. Most of these species of flora and fauna and their habitat is under threat due to various anthropogenic factors. There is an urgent need to conserve forests and wildlife of the country. The government of India has always been sensitive to this and has taken several initiatives towards preservation of forest and wildlife in the country from time to time. The need of ex- situ conservation of wild fauna as one of the main objectives for managements of zoos was realized by the Government of India. The National Zoo Policy was framed and adopted by the Government of India in the year 1998 to give proper direction and thrust to the management of zoos in the country. The main objective of the zoos under national policy is to complement and strengthen the national efforts in conservation of rich biodiversity of the country particularly the wild fauna.

The wildlife habitat is under severe pressure and a large number of species are threatened from extinction. Therefore, the zoos have not only to sustain their own population but also argument depleting population of endangered species in wild. Keeping this in view, the Central Zoo Authority has taken initiative of conservation breeding of endangered species of the country. The Central Zoo Authority has assigned specific role to the National Zoological Park in conservation breeding of the following species:

1 Asiatic Lion As a participating zoo
2 Royal Bengal Tiger As a participating zoo
3 One Horned Rhinoceros As a participating zoo
4 Swamp Deer As a participating zoo
5 Brow-antlered Deer As a participating zoo
6 Red Jungle Fowl As a participating zoo